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山西省运城市空港新区2017届高三英语模拟考试试题二

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第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分60分)

第一节 (共15小题; 每小题3分,满分45分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

Easy Care Houseplants for People Without a Green Thumb

It's not easy to admit that you have a black thumb. Forget to water? Leave the plant in direct sunlight fot too long? It happens.

Thankfully, there are plenty of hearty houseplants that can stand up to a caretaker who isn't as skilled as he or she may like to admit.

Here are five of our favorites, chosen for their different looks and easy care instructions.

1. Snake plant

According to Better Homes & Gardens, the Snake plant can handle a neglectful owner. While it grows well in low light, it does enjoy bright light, too. Tip: The surface soil should dry out between waterings.

2. Madagascar dragon tree

According to This Old House, the Madagascar dragon tree is great in low light and can tolerate drying out between waterings — perfect for someone who may travel a lot for work. Tip: The stalks of this tree can be braced or twisted to create your own style.

3. Cast-iron plant

Also known as Aspidistra elatior, this plant does well with little watering. Tip: You can also

plant the Cast-iron plant outside in little to full shade, according to Fine Gardening.

4. Christmas cactus

One of the prettiest houseplants, the Christmas cactus is a succulent(多汁的)plant that

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blooms in the winter. Tip: This plant, amazingly, needs watering just twice a month, says Woman's Day.

5. Moth orchid

While many may assume orchids are delicate plants, the Moth orchid is relatively easy to care for, according to Southern Living. Place in filtered(过滤过的)light and allow soil to dry out between waterings. Tip: Make sure the plant's pot drains well. 21. What does the underlined part“a black thumb”in Paragraph 1 mean?

A. A careful and considerate person. C. A neglectful or unskilled person.

B. A person who takes care of flowers. D. A person who isn’t good at gardning.

22. Why do people who travel a lot for work can plant Madagascar dragon tree?

A. Because it adapts to full light.

B. Because it needs watering just twice a month. C. Because it is a delicate plant. D. Because it fits drought and low light. 23. What do the five houseplants have in common?

A. They can resist drought. C. They need much sunlight.

B. They should be watered often. D. They grow in low light. B

Helsinki is offering young people the chance to rent a cheap apartment in an old people’s home,if they agree to spend time socializing with the elderly residents.

The city council is seeking applications from renters under the age of 25 who will commit to spending between three and five hours each week with their older neighbours,at a care home in the eastern Laajasalo district.In exchange,they’ll get a studio flat measuring 23 square meters with a private kitchen,bathroom and balcony for 250 euros per month. Currently only three flats are available.but the scheme is part of a wider effort to deal with a lack of accommodation for young people in the capital.Ordinarily a studio costs about 600 euros a month,depending on the area,one local university advises.

Those who apply don’t need any specific care experience.“There are staff to look after the elderly,”project manager Miki Mielonen tells Yle.“We are looking for young people who maybe have a different perspective on everyday life,who will bring variety and

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recreation to the elderly residents.”

More than 60 people have applied for the space in less than a week,and the idea has also been widely recognized by Finns on social media.“Great project,hopefully it will spread to other areas,” writes one person on Facebook,while another applauds the scheme for bringing different generations together.

But some wish it were open to more people,with one user saying:“It's a shame the flats are so small.It would have been nice if the elderly had a small family with children or a single parent as their neighbour.”And one person has a different opinion about the cut-off age,writing:“Shame I'm too old for this—I would have surely applied.” 24.One can probably get the cheap apartment if he_______. A.reaches the age of 25

B.has financial problems

C.promises to accompany the elderly 25.Why is the new rent scheme accepted?

D.agrees to share it

A.It can benefit both young and old. B.It doesn’t need any professional training. C.The flats are well-equipped. D.Big apartments are in short supply. 26.What does the underlined sentence suggest? A.He doesn’t want to grow up. B.He has a chance to apply again. C.He disapproves of the age limit.

D.He applies for the flat without hesitation. 27.What would be the best title of the text? A.Young Finns offered cheap flats at care home B.New apartments designed for the elderly C.A new approach to caring for the old D.A good chance for the needy families

C

The 2014 Nobel Prize in Literature went to the French novelist “for the art of memory with which he has uncovered the life-world of the occupation”.

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Although the 69-year-old writer is a very popular literary figure in France, he is little known elsewhere.

So who is this Patrick Modiano, why does his memory have such an influence upon him, and what exactly has he uncovered ?

Modiano was born in a suburb of Paris right after World War II ended in Europe in July 1945. His father was a Jewish-Italian businessman who met his Belgian actress mother during the Nazi occupation of Paris.

As The New Yorker magazine put it, Europeans born in 1945 share a condition – They escaped the war, but “not the taint (污点) of the war”.

Modiano’s life has been influenced by Nazi Germany’s occupation during the war, and his family’s connections to it. According to New York-based newspaper Forward, his father survived the war dishonorably. When Paris’ Jews were brought together to be sent to concentration camps, the businessman did not join them but spent the time making money from deals with Nazis on the black market.

“The novelist has a duty to record the lives of the people who have disappeared, the people who were made to disappear,” French writer Clemence Boulouque, also an expert in Jewish studies, told The New Yorker magazine.

In his more than three dozen novels, Modiano has returned again and again to the same themes: Jewishness, the Nazi occupation, and loss of identity. His characters collect pieces of old evidence, handwriting, photographs, police files, and newspaper cuttings. His most admired novel, Missing Person, is a good example. It’s the story about a detective who has lost his memory. He tries to find out who he really is by following his own steps through history.

Although Modiano’s win is a surprise outside France, people are celebrating in his home country. Modiano is the 15th French literature winner. After Le Clezio’s 2008 win, it seemed unlikely that there would be another so soon. 28. The passage is mainly about ________________. A. a literary figure’s personal affairs B. a famous novelist’s family background

C. a Nobel Prize winner and his literary achievement

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D. European people’s sufferings during World War II

29. Which of the following statements about Patrick Modiano is TRUE according to the passage A. He is a survivor of World War II.

B. He tried to find back his lost identity. C. World War II has an impact on his life.

D. He was world-famous before winning the Nobel Prize. 30. Modiano won the Nobel Prize because of _______________. A. his extraordinary character B. his unique way of recording history C. his characters’ unusual experiences D. his special connections to the war

31. It can be inferred from the passage that ____________. A. Modiano’s parents were sent to the concentration camp B. Modiano’s winning the Nobel Prize was beyond expectation C. Modiano’s father had nothing to do with the Nazis D. Clemence Boulouque is also of Jewish origin

D

The twentieth century saw greater changes than any century before: changes for the better,

changes for the worse; changes that brought a lot of benefits to human beings, changes that put man in danger. Many things caused the changes, but, in my opinion, the most important was the progress in science.

Scientific research in physics and biology has vastly broadened our views. It has given us a deeper knowledge of the structure of matter and of the universe; it has brought us a better understanding of the nature of life and of its continuous development. Technology in the application of science has made big advances that have benefited us in nearly every part of life.

The continuation of such activities in the twenty-first century will result in even greater advantages to human beings: in pure science — a wider and deeper knowledge in all fields of learning; in applied science — a more reasonable sharing of material benefits,

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